Treatment for high blood pressure throughout the middle age of life may decrease and delay the risk of dementia, i.e. Alzheimer’s disease in the later span of life. Researchers conducted a long study for more than three decades. In this study they monitored approximately thousands of people’s blood pressure for five times and performed neurological tests. Having a high blood pressure and hypertension during one’s mid forty to mid sixty is linked with a greater risk of memory loss later in life of individual as compared to the people having normal blood pressure.
Hypertension is enormously common in the inhabitants, and the prevalence of dementia is also increasing as the population ages. In high blood pressure, the long-term potency of the blood against wall of artery is greater enough which may ultimately lead to health problems, such as heart diseases. Hypertension may damage blood vessels and made them stiffer. While the vessels in the brains get damaged, the organ stops functioning properly due to less provision of oxygen and nutrients. Generally, people don’t show any symptoms of high blood pressure though some may have shortness of breath, headache, or nose bleeding.
According to the neuropsychologist Keenan Walker from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, there was around 3.28 percent of dementia cases per year among the participants who had hypertension during midlife. Also, among the population there were 1.84 percent cases per year with the normal blood pressure throughout middle age. The study also stated that low or high blood pressure in later term of life might increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease if the individual prior had hypertension while in the middle age. Mr. Walker said that controlling blood pressure by following proper diet, doing regular exercise, and medication can reduce the probability if vascular dysfunction which may prevent or postpone dementia i.e. Alzheimer’s disease.
Written by: Mayur Lokhande